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生態學博士生「必讀」的100篇文獻

3月
05
2018

2018年3月05日13時 今日科學 科學網

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之所以加上引號,是因為,作者推薦的100篇文獻較為陳舊,且較少,根本無法代表博大精深之生態學全貌。不過,在近期Nature Ecology &

Evolution的這篇分析性文章中(研究論文「100 articles every PhD student should

read」,連結:https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0370-9?WT.mc_id=COM_NEcoEvo_1711_Courchamp),作者列出的100篇他們認為「必讀」的文獻有一定的參考價值,我大致瀏覽了一下,涵蓋了生態學的不少方面,有理論分析的,有模型研究的和概念性的論文。

重要的是,被推薦論文的作者基本上都是生態學領域的「大牛」(神一樣存在的人物),如Connell,Janzen,MacArthur,Tilman和Odum等,這些響噹噹的名字如雷貫耳。

作者也承認他們推薦的「必讀」論文不是一成不變的、更不是最終版,我個人也覺得,推薦的100篇論文過於「陳舊」(或許也說明較為「經典」?),快速發展中的生態學近幾年也「蹦出」不少經典之作,如關於物候的、生態記憶的和節律的,以及土壤和植物生理生態的研究。

總之,作者Franck Courchamp & Corey J. A.

Bradshaw也還是費力不少心思在揣摩推薦列表的。在他們的分析中,有一點很有意思,論文被推薦的程度與所發表的期刊、以及引用次數關係不大,說明了原創性的、開拓性研究工作才是最值得尊重的。下面我將列出作者推薦的100篇生態學論文,希望與大家共勉(有不少我沒有讀過!)。

100篇生態學論文

Box 1: Box 1 | The 100 selected articles

An asterisk indicates articles that were proposed more than ten times before the vote.

1. Darwin, C. R. & Wallace, A. R. On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection.

Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 3, 45–62 (1858).

2. Hardin, G. The competitive exclusion principle. Science 131, 1292–1297 (1960).

3*. Paine, R. T. Food web complexity and species diversity. Am. Nat. 100, 65–75 (1966).

4. Hutchinson, G. E. The paradox of the plankton. Am. Nat.95, 137–145 (1961).

5*. Hutchinson, G. E. Homage to Santa Rosalia or Why are there so many kinds of animals? Am. Nat. 93, 145–159

(1959).

6*. MacArthur, R. H. & Wilson, E. O. An equilibrium theory of insular zoogeography. Evolution 17, 373–387

(1963).

7. Hutchinson, G. E. Concluding remarks. Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 22, 415–427 (1957).

8*. Hairston, N. G., Smith, F. & Slobodkin, L. Community structure, population control, and competition. Am. Nat.

94, 421–425 (1960).

9. Connell, J. H. Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Science 199, 1302–1310 (1978).

10. Janzen, D. H. Herbivores and the number of tree species in tropical forests. Am. Nat. 104, 501–528

(1970).

11. May, R. M. Biological populations with non-overlapping generations: stable points, stable cycles, and chaos. Science

186, 645–647 (1974).

12. Gause, G. F. Experimental analysis of Vito Volterra’s mathematical theory of the struggle for existence. Science

79,16–17 (1934).

13*. Chesson, P. Mechanisms of maintenance of species diversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 31, 343–366 (2000).

14. Carpenter, S. R., Kitchell, J. F. & Hodgson, J. R. Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity.

BioScience35, 634–639 (1985).

15*. Levin, S. A. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology: the Robert H. MacArthur Award lecture. Ecology

73,1943–1967 (1992).

16. Hanski, I. Metapopulation dynamics. Nature396, 41–49 (1998).

17. MacArthur, R. & Levins, R. The limiting similarity, convergence, and divergence of coexisting species. Am.

Nat.101, 377–385 (1967).

18. Tilman, D. Resource competition between plankton algae: an experimental and theoretical approach.

Ecology58, 338–348 (1977).

19. Hamilton, W. D. The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I. J. Theor. Biol. 7, 1–16 (1964).

20. Charnov, E. L. Optimal foraging, the marginal value theorem. Theor. Popul. Biol. 9, 129–136

(1976).

21. Tilman, D. Biodiversity: population versus ecosystem stability. Ecology 77, 350–363 (1996).

22. Rosenzweig, M. Paradox of enrichment: destabilization of exploitation ecosystems in ecological time.

Science171, 385–387 (1971).

23. Connell, J. H. The influence of interspecific competition and other factors on the distribution of the barnacle Chthamalus stellatus.

Ecology 42, 710–743 (1961).

24. MacArthur, R. & Levins, R. Competition, habitat selection, and character displacement in a patchy environment. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA

51, 1207–1210 (1964).

25. Hardin, G. J. The tragedy of the commons. Science 162, 1243–1248

(1968).

26. Levin, S. A. & Paine, R. T. Disturbance, patch formation, and community structure. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA

71, 2744–2747 (1974).

27. Felsenstein, J. Skepticism towards Santa Rosalia, or Why are there so few kinds of animals? Evolution 35,

124–138(1981).

28. Tilman, D. Competition and biodiversity in spatially structured habitats. Ecology 75, 2–16

(1994).

29. Holling, C. S. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.

4, 1–23 (1973).

30*. Hurlbert, S. H. Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecol. Monogr. 54, 187–211

(1984).

31. Vitousek, P. M., Mooney, H. A., Lubchenco, J. & Melillo, J. M. Human domination of Earth’s ecosystems.

Science277, 494–499 (1997).

32. May R. M. Will a large complex system be stable?Nature 238, 413–414 (1972).

33. Pianka, E. R. On r- and K-selection. Am. Nat. 104, 592–597 (1970).

34. Brown, J. H., Gillooly, J. F., Allen, A. P., Savage,V. M. & West, G. B. Toward a metabolic theory of ecology.

Ecology85, 1771–1789 (2004).

35. Ehrlich, P. R. & Raven, P. H. Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18, 586–608

(1964).

36. MacArthur, R. H. & McArthur, J. On bird species diversity. Ecology 42, 594–598

(1961).

37. Simberloff, D. S. & Wilson, E. O. Experimental zoogeography of islands: the colonization of empty islands. Ecology

50, 278–296 (1969).

38. Grime, J. P. Evidence for the existence of three primary strategies in plants and its relevance to ecological and evolutionary theory. Am. Nat.

111, 1169–1194 (1977).

39. Brown, J. H. On the relationship between abundance and distribution of species. Am. Nat. 124, 255–279

(1984).

40. Connell, J. H. Effects of competition, predation by Thaislapillus, and other factors on natural populations of the barnacle

Balanus balanoides. Ecol. Monogr. 31, 61–104 (1961).

41. Holt, R. D. Predation, apparent competition, and the structure of prey communities. Theor. Popul. Biol. 12,

197–229(1977).

42. Anderson, R. M. & May, R. M. Population biology of infectious diseases: part I. Nature 280, 361–367

(1979).

43. Huffaker, C. B. Experimental studies on predation: dispersion factors and predator–prey oscillations. Hilgardia 27,

343–383 (1958).

44. Clements, F. E. Nature and structure of the climax. J. Ecol. 24, 252–284 (1936).

45. Pulliam, D. W. Sources, sinks, and population regulation. Am. Nat. 132, 652–661 (1988).

46. Lawton, J. H. Are there general laws in ecology?Oikos 84, 177–192 (1999).

47. Lindeman, R. L. The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology 23, 399–418

(1942).

48. Kimura, M. Evolutionary rate at the molecular level. Nature 217, 624–626 (1968).

49. May, R. M. Simple mathematical models with very complicated dynamics. Nature 261, 459–467 (1976).

50. Trivers, R. L. Parent–offspring conflict. Am. Zool. 14, 249–264 (1974).

51. Paine, R. T. Food webs: linkage, interaction strength and community infrastructure. J. Anim. Ecol. 49, 666–685

(1980).

52. Tilman, D., Wedin, D. & Knops, J. Productivity and sustainability influenced by biodiversity in grassland ecosystems. Nature

379, 718–720 (1996).

53. MacArthur, R. H. Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern coniferous forests. Ecology 39, 599–619

(1958).

54. May, R. M. Thresholds and breakpoints in ecosystems with a multiplicity of stable states. Nature

260, 471–477 (1977).

55. Simberloff, D. Experimental zoogeography of islands: effects of island size. Ecology 57, 629–648

(1976).

56. Schindler, D. W. Evolution of phosphorus limitation in lakes. Science 195, 260–262

(1977).

57. Kunin, W. E. & Gaston, K. J. The biology of rarity: patterns, causes and consequences. Trends Ecol.

Evol.8, 298–301 (1993).

58. Vitousek, P. M. & Reiners, W. A. Ecosystem succession and nutrient retention: a hypothesis.

BioScience25, 376–381 (1975).

59. Tilman, D. Resources: a graphical–mechanistic approach to competition and predation. Am. Nat. 116, 362–393

(1980).

60. Lande, R. Sexual dimorphism, sexual selection, and adaptation in polygenic characters. Evolution 34, 292–305

(1980).

61. Tilman, D. et al. Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371, 65–66 (1994).

62. Fretwell, S. D. & Lucas, H. L. On territorial behavior and other factors influencing habitat distribution in birds. I. Theoretical Development.

Acta Biotheor. 19, 16–36 (1970).

63. May, R. M. Qualitative stability in model ecosystems. Ecology 54, 638–641 (1973).

64. Redfield, A. C. The biological control of chemical factors in the environment. Am. Sci. 46, 205–221

(1958).

65. Tilman, D. et al. The influence of functional diversity and composition on ecosystem processes.

Science277, 1300–1302 (1997).

66. Hamilton, W. D. Extraordinary sex ratios. Science156, 477–488 (1967).

67. Schluter, D. & McPhail, J. D. Ecological character displacement and speciation in sticklebacks. Am. Nat. 140,

85–108 (1992).

68. Hanski, I. A practical model of metapopulation dynamics. J. Anim. Ecol. 63, 151–162

(1994).

69. Hamilton, W. D. The genetical evolution of social behaviour. II. J. Theor. Biol. 7, 17–52 (1964).

70. Likens, G. E., Bormann, F. R., Johnson, N. M.,Fisher, D. W. & Pierce, R. S. Effects of forest cutting and herbicide treatment on nutrient budgets in the Hubbard Brook

watershed-ecosystem. Ecol. Monograph.40, 23–47 (1970).

71. Odum, E. P. The strategy of ecosystem development. Science 164, 262–270 (1969).

72. Hubbell, S. P. Tree dispersion, abundance, and diversity in a tropical dry forest. Science 203, 1299–1309

(1979).

73. Grinnell, B. Y. The niche-relationships of the California thrasher. Auk 34, 427–433 (1917).

74. MacArthur, R. H. & Pianka, E. R. On optimal use of a patchy environment. Am. Nat. 100, 603–609

(1966).

75. Tilman, D., Forest, I. & Cowles, J. M. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.

45, 471–493 (2014).

76. May, R. M. & MacArthur, R. H. Niche overlap as a function of environmental variability. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA

69,1109–1113 (1972).

77. Leibold, M. A. et al. The metacommunity concept: a framework for multi-scale community ecology. Ecol.

Lett.7, 601–613 (2004).

78. Axelrod, R. & Hamilton, W. D. The evolution of cooperation. Science 211, 1390–1396

(1981).

79. Gleason, H. A. The individualistic concept of the plant association. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 53, 7–26

(1926).

80. Grime, J. P. Benefits of plant diversity to ecosystems: immediate, filter and founder effects. J. Ecol.

86, 902–910 (1998).

81. Gould, S. J. & Lewontin, R. C. The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: a critique of the adaptionist programme. Proc. R. Soc. B Biol.

Sci. 205, 581–598 (1979).

82. Grant, P. R & Grant, B. R. The founding of a new population of Darwin’s finches. Evolution

49, 229–240 (1995).

83. Stearns, S. C. Life-history tactics: a review of the ideas. Q. Rev. Biol. 51, 3–47 (1976).

84. Vitousek, P. M. Beyond global warming: ecology and global change. Ecology 75, 1861–1876

(1994).

85. Janzen D. H. Why mountain passes are higher in the tropics. Am. Nat. 101, 233–249

(1967).

86. Carpenter, S. R. et al. Regulation of lake primary productivity by food web structure. Ecology 68, 1863–1876

(1987).

87. Stenseth, N. C. Population regulation in snow shoehare and Canadian lynx: asymmetric food web configurations between hare andlynx. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci.

USA 94, 5147–5152 (1997).

88. Anderson, R. M & May, R. M. Regulation and stability of host–parasite population interactions. J. Anim.

Ecol.47, 219–247 (1978).

89. Krebs, C. J. et al. Impact of food and predation on the snowshoe hare cycle. Science 269, 1112–1115

(1995).

90. Ginzburg, L. R. & Jensen, C. X. J. Rules of thumb for judging ecological theories. Trends Ecol. Evol.

19, 121–126 (2004).

91. Chave, J. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology: what have we learned in 20

years?Ecol. Lett.16, 4–16 (2013).

92. MacArthur, R. Fluctuations of animal populations and a measure of community stability. Ecology 36, 533–536

(1955).

93. Ricklefs, R. E. Community diversity: relative roles of local and regional processes. Science 235, 167–171

(1987).

94. Levins, R. The strategy of model building in population biology. Am. Sci. 54, 421–431 (1966).

95. Anderson, R. M & May, R. M. The population dynamics of microparasites and their invertebrate hosts. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B

291, 451–524 (1981).

96. Brown, W. L. & Wilson, E. O. Character displacement. Syst. Zool. 5, 49–64 (1986).

97. Lande, R. Risks of population extinction from demographic and environmental stochasticity and random catastrophes. Am.

Nat.142, 911–927 (1993).

98. May, R. M. & Anderson, R. M. Population biology of infectious diseases: part II. Nature 280, 455–461

(1979).

99. Parmesan, C. & Yohe, G. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature

421, 37–42 (2003).

100. Power, M. E. Effects of fish in river food webs. Science 250, 811–881 (1990).

以下兩圖反映了此文獻列表的一些性質:

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